Bulgaria And Other Eastern European Instruments
   

About Bulgarian Folk Instruments - Scroll For More Information
The Gaida (bagpipe) is one of the most characteristic folk instruments of Bulgaria. It is said that a traditional wedding is incomplete without its presence. Traditionally the solitary shepherd's companion, it is often heard solo or accompanied by a large drum. It is also popular in small village orchestras. Like all Bulgarian folk instruments there are many regional variations with distinctive styles of detail and ornament. All share a common form: white kidskin bag, blowpipe, drone and chanter. The pipes of the eastern regions of Thrace and Dobrudja are usually high-pitched, while those of western Shope region tend to be lower. In the south Bulgarian Rhodope mountain region they are extremely deep-pitched with huge goatskin bags. These are often played in pairs or trios and sometimes in large groups. There is one ensemble in that area called "Sto Gaidi", which translates as "One Hundred Gaidas". The standard instrument today is an outfit consisting of three chanters and two drones, giving the player capacity to perform music of all regions. The chanter, called a "gaidanitsa", makes this instrument unique. It has the capability of a full chromatic scale. Its conical bore may have up to seven subtle changes. The tone holes are curved and recessed to give the fingers a relaxed and comfortable grip. Its most unusual detail is the "flea hole", a small metal pipe or bushing at the top of the bore. This gives the instrument its exceptional chromatic range. The pipes are traditionally richly decorated with delicate grooving or combing and trimmed with metal and ox horn of varying hues. The kaba-gaida of south Bulgaria is a huge instrument. Its single drone is almost four feet long. It has a deep and noble tone. Its gaidanitsa is hexagonal rather than round in cross-section, and it is richly ornamented with subtle carving.

The gadulka is probably the most popular and also most ancient folk instrument in Bulgaria today. Although loud and resonant, its distinctive Slavic voice is warm and soothing. It is traditionally played in small orchestral groups or used to accompany singing. Most folk musicians make their own instruments following strong regional traditions of form and tuning, though there are many renowned professional makers. Two types of gadulkas are commonly played. Both are made from large single blocks of hardwood that are carved and hollowed into pear like corpus, then covered with resonant softwood faces. The more prevalent form has three bowed strings, tuned A'EA with ten to twelve additional sympathetic strings. The other type is much smaller and its playing is restricted to the Dobrudjan region near the Black Sea. It usually has three strings tuned EAA'. Unlike violins, gadulkas are played tucked into a shoulder strap or belt and bowed horizontally. The Tambura is also a popular instrument. It is similar in form to the gadulka, with a curved, pear shaped form. It has a loud, bright tone somewhat like a banjo, and is commonly used for both melody and chords. The strings are double-coursed like a mandolin but are tuned like the upper strings on a guitar.

The kaval, a Bulgarian or Balkan end-blown flute is also a common shepherd's instrument played in orchestras and as an accompaniment to singing. It is universally popular in Bulgaria. Playing techniques vary throughout the country. Typically a staccato style is played in the West, while a richly ornamented style is played in the East.


Bulgarian Jura Gaida Bagpipe in D The wooden parts are made of plum tree. The bag is made of the skin of young goat. Great sound.

Sound Sample BAG329   $510.00  

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Tupan or Davul Drum, 16 inch, Rope Tuned Tupan, also known as Daouli, Davul, Dawul, and Tabl Baladi, is a two-headed drum. This version is rope tuned. Includes beaters. DRU624   $197.10  

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Tupan or Davul Drum, 26 inch, Rope Tuned Two large natural skin heads stretched over a light-weight plywood body, gives this 8 1/4 pound tupan a deep booming voice. On this version of the drum there is no shoulder strap provided. The edges of the heads are rolled and sewn, and then attached to the frame by cording stitched back and forth from head to head. The drum can be tuned by adjusting the leather tabs over the cords. Similar large double-headed frame drums (also known as Daouli, Davul, Dawul, and Tabl Baladi) have been used in ceremonies, festivals, and in wars throughout the Middle East for centuries; such tupans accompanied Alexander the Great s armies as the marched from Macedonia east to the Indus River. Today they are common in Bulganian folk music, where they are known as Tupan. In Turkey they are called davul or tabl baladi. This instrument is most often an accompnaying instument used to mark the rhythm, but it can be played solo as well. The two heads of the drum are played with two beaters. The dominate hand plays the accented beats with the larger thicker beater, called a tokmak. The end of the tokmak may be rapped in cloth to create a muted sound. The other hand holds the thinner switch and plays rapid rhythms. An accomplished drummer will get various sounds from different parts of the two heads, as well as rapping the wooden body. This Tupan has a 26 inch diameter and an 18 inch deep frame body, and comes with two beaters. DRU626   $359.10  

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Tupan or Davul Drum, 20 inch , Bolt Tuned Tupan, also known as Daouli, Davul, Dawul, and Tabl Baladi, is a two-headed drum. This version is rope tuned. Includes beaters. DRU627   $260.10  

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Nylon Case, 16 inch Tupan Quilted nylon case with zipper closure and carrying handle, for storage and transport. NC16   $79.11  

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Nylon Case, 20 inch Tupan Quilted nylon case with zipper closure and carrying handle, for storage and transport. Fits the rope tuned drums only. NC20   $80.91  

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Gadulka A beautiful instrument, the Masterclass Gadulka is handcrafted from solid wood by Bulgarian artisans. Made one by one, these detailed, precisely carved traditional bowed Gadulkas offers three playing strings, 10 sympathetic strings, non-slip friction tuning pegs, suspended saddle, set soundpost, handcrafted bow with black horsehair, custom forged tuning wrench, and a formfitting hardcase.

Sound Sample STR138   $720.00  

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Bulgarian Tamboura 8 strings by Ivan Terziiski Tamboura with 8 strings. The craftsmann Ivan Terziiski is from Macedonian Bulgaria. The tamboura making and playing traditions are specific for this Pirin mountain folk region. His tambouras are played by many proffissional folk musicians all over the world. With cloth case. All tamboura's strings are metal and played with a plectrum, which often is called with the Turkish name"tesane". STR232   $495.00  

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Tamburitza Prim 5 String We offer authentic hand made Tamburitza hand made by Yotke from Croatia STR238   $425.00  

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Tamburitza Brach 5 String We offer authentic hand made Tamburitza hand made by Yotke from Croatia STR239   $920.00  

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Tamburitza Brach 6 String Pear Shape We offer authentic hand made Tamburitza hand made by Yotke from Croatia STR240   $920.00  

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Tupan Drum, 16 inch, Bolt Tuned Tupan, also known as Daouli, Davul, Dawul, and Tabl Baladi, is a two-headed drum. This version is bolt tuned with shoulder strap. Includes tuning tool and beaters. TUPS   $197.10  

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Tupan Strap, Leather Adjustable leather strap for holding the tupan. TUPSTRAP   $10.36  

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Bulgarian decorated Kaval Flute in D A three piece instrument crafted of plum wood, the Kaval offers an approximate two and one half octave, nearly chromatic range. It is a long instrument, measuring approximately 23 inches in overall length, with an ethereal, natural melodic sound. A handcrafted folk flute, pitch is relative, based on the instruments tonal characteristics. Still, pitch interval is true according to the relative root. An example: Bulgarian Kaval pitched in D (solface "Re"), offers a note range of D, E, F, F#, G, G#, A, A#, and B. Overblowing will jump the instrument a fifth higher, with a low note of A. Further overblowing will push the instruments range further, into a low note scale of F#. A special multiphonic mode called "Kaba" allows playing in low octave D and B registers.

Sound Sample WIN088B   $415.00  

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Best Model Large Zurna Commonly known as a primitive oboe of the Middle East, the Zurna is perfect for belly dance, festivals, parades, or any music that calls for a loud reed instrument. Funnel shaped with 7 big fingerholes on top, plus a couple smaller tone holes. 14 inches in overall length, with a bell diameter of 3 7/8 inches. A handcrafted instrument, pitch is relative, although usually playing in G or A.

Sound Sample WIN099   $154.95  

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Bulgarian Dvoyanka Double pipe Third by Emil Pavlov Traditional Bulgarian third Dvoyanka - a double pipe. Made of two cylindrical wooden tubes. It has 6 holes on the one pipe and 3 on the other. Made of acacia (common locust) tree. 35 cm long. Made by our craftsman - Emil Pavlov.

Sound Sample WIN203   $130.00  

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Bulgarian Traditional Dvoyanka Double Pipe by Emil Pavlov Made of two cylindrical wooden tubes. It has 6 holes on the one pipe and 1 on the other. Made of acacia (common locust) tree. 35 cm long. Made by our craftsman - Emil Pavlov.

Sound Sample WIN204   $130.00  

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Bulgarian Traditional Dvoyanka Double Pipe by Beshendjiev IN D Traditional Bulgarian double pipe. Plays in the key of D. Approx. 11" long x 1-1/2" wide. Made of ash tree.

Sound Sample WIN205   $130.00  

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Bulgarian Traditional Dvoyanka Double Pipe by Beshendjiev In A Traditional Bulgarian double pipe. Plays in the key of A. Approx 14" Long x 1-3/4" wide. Made of ash tree.

Sound Sample WIN205A   $130.00  

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Bulgarian Traditional Dvoyanka Double Pipe by Beshendjiev In C Traditional Bulgarian double pipe. Plays in the key of C. Approx 12" Long x 1-3/4" wide. Made of ash tree.

Sound Sample WIN205C   $130.00  

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